“Sleeping Beauty” was created by Tchaikovsky in 1888-1889, soon after finishing “The Magician” (1887) and Fifth Symphony (1888) and on the eve of creating “Queen of Spades” (1890). The immediate reason for creating a new ballet was the order that came from Director of His Majesty’s Theatres I. Vsevolozhsky.
The ballet was staged by the outstanding Russian ballet-master M. Petipa.
“Sleeping Beauty” was first shown on the 3rd of January 1890 in St Petersburg. The composer’s brother, M. Tchaikovsky, wrote soon after the first performances: “It was a tremendous success, but, just like the success of “Eugene Onegin”, it expressed itself not through loud cheers during the shows, but through an endless sequence of evenings when the house was packed full”.
The libretto of “Sleeping Beauty” is based on one of the most popular Charles Perrault’s fairytales. The general deep humanistic meaning of the story is that evil magic can be overcome by victorious power of kind feelings, forces of love, friendship and loyalty.
“Sleeping Beauty” is almost exclusively a sample of “light” Tchaikovsky music – his solemn love cantilenas, lively, brilliant, lyrical and exquisite dance music. This is a world of light romance, which also lives in operas and symphonies by Tchaikovsky.
Ballet-Master - Director – People’s Artist of USSR, awardee of the State Prize of RSFSR named after M. Glinka Gabriella Komleva (St Petersburg)
Assistant Ballet-Master – Elena Vorontsova (St Petersburg)
Conductor-Director – Honored Artist of Russia Vladimir Kovalenko
Art Director and Costumer – Distinguished Artist of Russia Viacheslav Okunev (St Petersburg)
Ballet Dancers’ Coaches: Distinguished Artist of Russia Gennady Akachenok, Distinguished Artist of Russia Olga Barakhovskaya, Distinguished Artist of Russia Elena Kamenskaya, Distinguished Artist of Russia Valentina Ponomarenko, Alexander Petrov
Composer Peter Tchaikovsky (1840-1893). Libretto by I. Vsevolozhsky and M. Petipa (based on Charles Perrault’s fairytales).
Choreography by M. Petipa, the version by K. Sergeev.